The landscape in courtyard is a layout of buildings, waterscapes, artificial
hills and plants, reflecting ancient Chinese's multidirectional views of nature
and life. In addition, by minifying the nature and integrating with mountains
and waters, the courtyard adeptly embodies the landscapes of Taiwan, having
being a good place for civilians in holding parties and cultivating minds.
Further, the designs of architectures, landscapes, traditional arts and painters
are integrated in such extraordinary abundance of imagination and amazing variability.
By touring around the courtyard, tourists can realize how early people enjoyed
life through natural landscapes.
The theories of landscape architecture and landscape gardening have developed
over years. Now the View in Frame, View Borrowing and View Blocking are common
examples of design skills.
Clay molding is exercised to imitate the Chinese brush painting skills, moreover,
the modern engineering of "wire meshed concrete" is applied to build
the surface. This result of integrating is a unique native craft of artificial
Flowers and plants are indispensible elements in landscaping. In addition, pliable
postures, colors and fragrance which the nature gives, add the joy and peace
in courtyard. General speaking, popular plants are plums, orchids, bamboos,
chrysanthemums, pines, cypresses, peonies, lotuses and lilies. All have their
own symbolization such as noble character（plum, orchid, bamboos and hrysanthemum）,
eternal youth（pine and cypress）, wealth（peony）, self-respect（lotus） and relief（lily）.
The design skill of waterscape is called "water layout". A saying
of "The proportion of water, bamboo and house is 30 percent, 20 percent
and 10 percent respectively." concretely explains the importance of ponds
in landscape gardening. Moreover, the waterscape is also capable of temperature
regulating and fire preventing.
In the undulating landscape of the courtyard, windows in the shape of
vase (which rhymes with "all well" in Mandarin) are provided
as zoning walls to separate the space as well as embellish the courtyard
landscape. This is referred to as painting being viewed by one who passes.
View in Frame
Specifically speaking, View in Frame brings the view from courtyard by
way of a frame forming from windows, pillars and branches of plant, seeming
like a painting being viewed by one who passe
2.Lau-Gu Stone Garden
A lone stone is used to represent the great mountain and a small pond
the big sea. Such concept of miniaturized landscape expresses the meaning
of "seeing big in small".
While the shore of pond is endless and the small pavilion is connected
to the sky, indefinite depth is created in limited space by giving different
4.Trail of Step Stones
A trail of cobbles epitomizes the featured view of creek in Taiwan.
These handpicked stones with distinct edges and masculine grains exhibit
tension in various directions. The skill of interlocking emphasizes on
making intervals of stones, within the chinks, ferns, mosses, cypresses
butterfly gingers are planted to illustrate the scenery of nature.
6.Yu Dai Bridge 7.Artifi cial Hills with Waterfall 8.Yao
The bridge, newly built of old stones, connects to the courtyard and
brings about more amusement. It takes courtyard designers' artistic creations
and craftsmen's skills to achieve.
On top of the artificial hills with waterfalls is the small pavilion,
or moon pavilion. At night, along with the stars and moon, they are reflected
in pond to embody the natural scenery. This is so-called "View Borrowing"
among landscape gardening.
Sceneries of other areas are often adopted in the courtyard as background.
It can be such as faraway mountains or buildings outside, clouds and birds
in sky, fishes and lotuses in pond, stars and the moon at night and the
changing seasons, whereby to extend the spatial layers for the courtyard,
enriching the variation in sceneries
9.Yu Chain Lou (Pavilion) 10.Sueh Yueh Hall 11.Ying Yueh
The two buildings, side by side, are surrounded by thick bamboos and
overlook the big pond in front of them. Applying the technique of View
Blocking, the waterfalls keep the viaduct off the courtyard as well as
reduce the noises of vehicles.
Obviously, this historical house builds a waterscape by setting the Moon
Pond as a centerpiece in courtyard, moreover, pavilions, towers, boats
and bridge to accompany it. In this way, the house can construct a wonderland
for cultivating minds where is in accordance with Taoism.
By using the spatial contraction and shades, or utilizing various elements,
the foreground can be blocked, thus creating the effect of exposure through
concealment. This skill is often used in gateways between house, courtyard,
and each zone, where one passing through is later surprised.
12.Tea Lover's House
This pavilion is connected with the Yu Chain Lou by bending bridge and
faces to the Moon Pond. A stopping-by here gazing at the lotuses is a
moment of seclusion.
13.Gu Zhu Ming Shan (Artifi cial Clay Modeling Hill)
Take a completed view of the historical house, the artificial hill stands
at the front. Furthermore, the Chinese brush painting skills were applied
to mold the artificial hills as a good Feng Shui.
Department of Civil Affairs,Taipei City Government
Address : No.5, Binjiang St., Zhongshan Dist., Taipei City 104, Taiwan (R.O.C.) TEL：02-25996026
2014 Department of Civil Affairs, Taipei City Government All Rights Reserved Updated: 2016/11/15 10:56:31